This page was last updated: Number of bids and bid amounts may be slightly out of date. By his marriage in he had two daughters, who survived him, and one son, who died in infancy.
The same qualities which placed Carducci among the classics of Italy in his earlier days remained consistently with him in later life. His thought flows limpid, serene, sure of itself above an undercurrent of sane and vigorous if pagan philosophy. Patriotism, the grandeur of work, the soul-satisfying power of justice, are the poet's dominant ideals.
For many years the national struggle for liberty had forced the best there was in heart and brain into the atmosphere of political intrigue and from one battlefield to another; Carducci therefore found a poetry emasculated by the deviation into other channels of the intellectual virility of his country. On this mass of patriotic doggerel, of sickly, languishing sentimentality as insincere as it was inane, he grafted a poetry not often tender, but always violently felt and thrown into a mould of majestic form; not always quite expected or appreciated by his contemporaries, but never commonplace in structure; always high in tone and free in spirit.
The adaptation of various kinds of Latin metres to the somewhat sinewless language he found at his disposal, while it might have been an effort of mere pedantry in another, was a life-giving and strengthening inspiration in his case. Another of his characteristics, which made him peculiarly precious to his countrymen, is the fact that his poems form a kind of lyric record of the Italian struggle for independence.
The tumultuous vicissitudes of all other nations, however, and the pageantry of the history of all times, have in turns touched his particular order of imagination. The more important part of his critical work which belongs to this later period consists of his Conversazioni critiche , his Storia filosofica della letteratura Italiana , and a masterly edition of Petrarch.
That he should have had the faults of his qualities is not remarkable. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go. Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics.
East Dane Designer Men's Fashion. Croce died in Naples on November 20, Croce maintained that there is no physical reality, nothing exists except the activity of spirit in history.
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Like Hegel, he identified philosophy with the history of philosophy. History moves on with no final stage: it is the only reality, and the only conceptual and genuine form of knowledge. The physical is solely a construction of mind. Croce distinguished two basic aspects of experience - the theoretical, which included among others intuition, and the practical.
In this category he placed all economic, political and utilitarian activities. The categories are dialectical, there is no action without thought.
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In normal experience intuition and concept combine, but in aesthetic experience we hold the two apart. In a work of art, form and content are inseparable.
Intuition is free from concepts, it "is blind: the intellect lends its eyes to it. The critic holds himself honour bound to set aside, when confronted by a work of art, all theories and abstractions and to judge it by intuiting it directly. As a critic he started from the widely used assumption that analysis of texts themselves must precede other analysis. Works of art must be viewed in the light of their own, entire context.
The intentional world of the poet is one thing and, and poetry is another - "what matters is not what the poet proposes or believes to make, but only what he has actually made. Representational works of art tell a story, and if our interest is merely in the story, then the work has for us instrumental value. But when we are interested in expression, we are interested in the unique experience expressed by this special work of art.
Art is based on intuition which exists before it is apprehended by an individual artist. A poet realizes his intuition verbally, through the process of writing. According to Croce, poetry is emotion, an expression of the soul at the moment of intuition.
The task of an art critic is to characterize the image of the work, an unified mental picture of a particular thing, define its emotional aspects and evaluate how faithful the image is to emotion. Image consists of smaller parts, plot, setting, language. Croce's conservative, classical taste led him to view with suspicion French symbolist poetry and experimental movements.
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He also dismissed translation as a logically imposible task, which probably delayed the development of translation studies in Italy. Thoroughly disappointed with contemporary literature, he eventually gave up writing. De Gennaro ; Benedetto Croce by G. Bosanquet ; Croce and Literary Criticism by O. Moss ; Croce and Marxism by E. Roberts ; A History of Modern Criticism , vol. Klibansky, translated by E.
Related Conversazioni Critiche di Giosuè Carducci (Italian Edition)
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